Insomnia can be caused by a variety of factors. One major factor is worry and anxiety, which can make it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep . Other triggers for insomnia include the use of certain medications, such as SSRIs, and comorbid conditions like depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder . Chronic pain, sleep apnea, and conditions like restless leg syndrome can also contribute to insomnia .
It is estimated that as many as 70 million Americans have some sort of sleep disorder, including insomnia . About 10% of people in the United States experience trouble sleeping on any given night . Globally, 62% of people report not getting enough sleep .
There are different types of insomnia, including transient insomnia, which lasts only a few days, and chronic insomnia, which lasts longer . Transient insomnia can be caused by factors like jet lag or changes in work hours .
Treatment for insomnia may include relaxation techniques, sleep hygiene practices, and therapy approaches like stimulus control therapy . Some people also use supplements like melatonin to help with sleep, although prolonged use of melatonin can have negative effects .
It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the best course of treatment for insomnia and to address any underlying causes or comorbid conditions .